What is 5G? Everything you need to know



Telecoms companies are excited and prepared for entering the 5th generation of high-speed technology. The 5G is an explosion box introducing people to the smart world of wireless technology. Well, the serious evolution of technology gave us many surprises. As for in 1979 1st Generation (1G) let us converse with the boxes that could be held in hand and could be taken anywhere and everywhere.

In 1991, the 2nd generation (2G) first allowed us to text each other, 1998’s 3rd generation (3G) let us surf internet, 4th generation (4G) brings the selfie & video calling to our phones and 5th generation (5G) is expected to be enabling to capture ultra HD and 3D videos with wireless advancement letting us to connect with our smart homes.

5G being the new magic beans of technology is the all-new and upcoming age of redefining speed in this fifth era of technology which mainly will be focusing on IoT systems linking all the devices and gadgets. IoT is the internet of things.

“5G is that sufficiently advanced technology which might be indistinguishable from magic.”

Why 5G will be Ultrafast?

The utilization of shorter frequencies (millimeter waves somewhere in the range of 30GHz and 300GHz) for 5G systems is the motivation behind why 5G can be quicker. The shorter the recurrence, the bigger the transmission capacity.

5G technology promises a surprisingly low sloth rate, which is the time lag between the sending and receiving data. From 200 milliseconds for 4G, we are talking to go for 1 millisecond (1ms) with 5G.

Count for 1/1000th of a second. (*gasp*)

Imagine auto driven cars, Imagine your Smart vehicles responding way quicker than you. Imagine the real-life driving to be just as similar as you currently drive the cars at PlayStation.


5G highlights

  • Up to 10Gbps information rate – > 10 to 100x enhancement over 4G technology.
  • 1-millisecond Sloth time.
  • Faster as in 1000 times data circulation per unit region
  • Up to 100 times more interlinked gadgets per unit area
  • 99.999% accessibility
  • 100% augmentation
  • 90% decrease in organize vitality utilization
  • As long as 10-year battery life for low force IoT gadget

The US largest wireless communication providers VERIZON AND AT&T are all set to bang market with 5G. Verizon first announced to field test the 5G network in September 2015 and predicted to launch a wireless modem compatible for 5G in 2018 and target to spread them across the world by 2020. The plans were roared aloud by both the companies challenging others and alluring the globe.

AT&T and Verizon independently will dispatch 15-20 5G Smartphones each before the year’s over in the U.S. A few of them will be estimated below $600.

At the Consumer Electronics Show held between 7 to 10 January this year at Las Vegas, they uncloaked new 5G phones that will cost under $500. These affordable phones will help make 5G reasonable for a lot of us.

While Verizon was roaring San Diego’s QUALCOMM went a step ahead and announced to be launched first 5G modem and this would be called by name snapdragon X50. As current 4G give an average speed of 60 megabits per second, this chip promises to be giving the people a new speedy experience of 10 gigabits per second. (Since my mathematics is weak I really couldn’t count, on my fingers how much time this is fast… but dude that’s ridiculously fast!!!!)

Also, Samsung is almost ready to drumroll its new Galaxy S line of phones on 11 February 2020 in San Francisco. These new gadgets are being promised to have a lower value than the organization’s present line of 5G telephones.

In this rat race, Intel doesn’t want to lag. Intel sucked once at 4G against QUALCOMM. Intel’s Atom chipset ATOM z3580 lost a battle against snapdragon 810. Intel then abandons Smartphone manufacturing, soFIA, and Broxton Atom 4G chipsets to just focus on 5G technology. Great investments are made by them in the 5G project, which could offer 100 times faster experience of internet and data transfers. This time they want to beat QUALCOMM hardly. But QUALCOMM is always ahead in the race than Intel and MediaTek.


Other updates include

  • Korea and Japan began to chip away at 5G requirements in 2013.
  • Docomo stepped in the game in 2014 by testing 5G preliminaries.
  • Samsung, Sony Ericcson, and Huawei began model advancement in 2013.
  • South Korean SK Telecom demonstrated 5G in 2018 at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.
  • Ericsson and TeliaSonera made business administrations attainable in Stockholm and Tallinn in 2018.
  • 5G is already feasible in a few regions of North America in 2019.
  • In the UK, many metropolitan areas tested & confirmed 5G in 2019 and more in 2020. Vodaphone is effectively serving 5G since mid-2019.
  • Japan’s objective is to release 5G for the 2020 Tokyo summer Olympics.
  • China Unicom has set up 5G in a couple of communities in 2019. About 450 million 5G associations will be normalized by GMSA in China by the year 2025.


India may welcomes 5G quite late because of spectrum auction issues which in purely in government’s hand. For 4G network advancement, Bharti Airtel faced many hurdles in gaining a spectrum on the Delhi circle. India is divided into 22 circles where 2g services are operated at 900MHz band and 1800 MHz band, 3G on 900 and 2100 while 4G on 1800MHZ. Well, for the United States FCC sold 200MHz band for 5G we don’t know what the Indian government will award for 5G. Whatever be the issues… we are excited about the wireless 3D world.

To conclude 5G for us is the gateway for the revolutionized future as we saw as a kid on Cartoon network’s Jetsons with the two big examples of smart homes and smart vehicles possible by the IoT technology brought to us by the fifth generation of technology.


Shruti identifies herself as Atelophobic trying her best to procrastinate work rather than surrendering lousy gibberish. Apart from contributing her precious tech wisdom, you'll find her munching on anything and everything.


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